In contrast to the rest of the nation, a significant portion of society in contemporary India is still largely unaffected by the fruits of modern economy. As a result, children in India’s lowest earnring families continue to experience high rates of malnutrition in India despite the country’s economy expanding quickly, poverty levels dropping, access to enough food for export, and several government programmes.
In the years when children are growing and developing, a healthy, nutritious diet is crucial. It helps create in the child a solid foundation for maintaining health and ingraining excellent dietary habits from an early age. Early childhood nutrition has three key advantages: it boosts a child’s ability to fight off infectious diseases, promotes healthy brain and other organ development, and enhances their activity and cognitive ability. In addition, it prepares them for a lifetime of maintaining a healthy and balanced lifestyle, so appropriate nutrition for children is crucial. To eradicate malnutrition in India, various measures can be taken, such as:
Use of RUTFs
Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTFs), which have been created in the form of biscuits and pastes and are nutrient-rich and packed with high concentrations of protein and energy, are one of the remedies to malnutrition in India. Due to the lack of water in RUTFs, exposure to bacteria via water is reduced. They are prepared for consumption and don’t need to be refrigerated, preventing the loss of vital nutrients by the time the items are eaten. RUTFs do not require water, heating, or preparation, which eliminates all of the primary drawbacks of therapeutic milk-based products, which are the standard therapy for severe acute malnutrition in inpatient care.
Volunteers from the community work directly with families and children who are undernourished. Teams from Save the Children evaluate children’s nutritional condition and spot new cases of malnutrition in India as early as possible, working with volunteers and local health experts to stop further deterioration. In addition, Save the Children seeks to include the evaluation, treatment, and prevention of acute malnutrition in India through collaborating with neighbourhood health services.
When mild acute malnutrition in India is identified in a child, care and support are given. This care and support include food and nutrient supplements, medical attention if required, and nutrition guidance and education for parents and other caregivers. Information on the best techniques for feeding and caring for infants and children, tips on hygiene and sanitation, information on illness prevention, and psycho-social support are all instances of nutrition education. In addition, to avoid a worsening into severe acute malnutrition, the body weight of children with moderate acute malnutrition is routinely checked.
Remedial Care for Patients
A programme of home therapy accompanied by weekly visits to “stabilisation centres” for medical supervision should be implemented for those who are clinically stable, have no medical issues, and still have an appetite.
Health practitioners can assess the children’s development during weekly visits and give them a weekly supply of RUTF for at-home care. During these visits, acutely malnourished children can also receive treatment for infections, diseases, and micronutrient deficiencies. Continuation of follow-up visits for as long as two months is possible, depending on the child’s development and healing.
Connect with an NGO
Malnourished children require immediate medical attention as well as nutrition support. Therefore, it is imperative to assist such children. The simplest thing to do in this situation is to donate to a charity known for fighting malnourishment and poverty. One of India’s early leaders in the fight against newborn and child mortality is Save the Children. Supporting a charity entails contributing to the nutrition of India’s most underprivileged children.
With the slogan “No Child Born to Die,” Save the Children is battling infant and child mortality in India by tackling malnourishment and diseases that kill young children. Among them are a few of the projects being carried out by Save the Children to combat malnutrition in India, including Reducing Child Mortality in Purulia and Alipurduar Districts of West Bengal, Stop Diarrhoea Initiative, Sanitation and Hygiene in Communities and Schools in Delhi, REWE-Promotion of Safe water, Addressing Child Malnutrition in various intervention areas throughout the country, and Project KUSHAL. So consider extending a hand of support today.