Present Indefinite Tense

PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE (SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE):

Simple Present Tense points out an action which takes place in the present, but it isn’t necessary for actions to take place at current moment. It is one part of the present tense which also includes present perfect, present continuous and present perfect continuous. Itis used to indicate universal truth, scientific facts, unchanging situations, habits, fixed arrangements and regularly occurring events.Verb used in simple present tense is of base form (V1).

The sentences in simple present tense can be of following form:

AFFIRMATIVE/POSITIVE FORM:

Syntax: Subject (I, You, We, They) + V1 ( First Form of Verb ) +Object + rest of sentence.

Note-

  • The verb always ends in -s if the subject is third person singular:
    Ex: he drives, she plays, he takes, she jumps.
  • Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies:
    Ex:fly- flies, try-tries
    Exception: if there is a vowel before the -y:
    play-plays, pray-prays
  • Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch:
    Ex:he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes

 

NEGATIVE FORM : 

Syntax: Subject ( I, You, We, They ) + do not / don’t + V1  ( First Form of Verb ) +  +Object + rest of sentence.

Note-

Negative form use DOES (= the third person of the auxiliary ‘DO’) + the infinitive of the verb.

 

INTERROGATIVE FORM :

Yes/No type question-

Do + Subject ( I, You, We, They ) + V1  ( First Form of Verb ) + Object + rest of sentence + question mark(?)

Wh type question-

Wh word (which, what, how, where, etc.) + do/does/is/are + subject (I, We, They, etc.) + V1 (First form of word) + object + rest of sentence + question mark (?)

 

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE IS USED:

  • To expressunchanging situations, habits, universal facts, repeated actions or, emotions and wishes:
    I drink tea in evening (habit); I live in paris(unchanging situation); sun is bigger than earth (general truth)
  • To give orders or directions:
    You run for one hundred meters.
  • To express fixed arrangements:
    Your teststarts at sharp 10:30 in the morning.

 

EXAMPLEs:

  • For habits-
    She drinks coffee at night.
    He wakes up early in the morning.
  • For repeated actions or events-
    We catch the bus every morning.
    It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
  • For general truths-

Boiling point of water is 100°C.
The Moon rotates around the Earth.
Her father is a doctor by profession.

  • For instructions or directions-
    Stay in home during the outbreak.
    You take the No.6 bus to Byculla and then the No.10 to
  • For fixed arrangements-
    Tomorrow is a holiday to the school on account of RakshaBhandhan.
    Our office starts on the 26th March
  • With future constructions-
    She’ll see you before she arrives.
    You’ll give it to her when she leaves.
  • Wh Questions-

How much does the ticket cost?

What is your mother’s name?

 

 

 

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